The "Jenny machine" can spin many cotton threads at a time, which greatly improves productivity. The great development of the British spinning industry made the weaving industry seem backward. In 1768, Cartwright invented the hydraulic loom, which increased the weaving efficiency by forty times. By 1800, the British cotton spinning industry had basically achieved mechanization.
In this way, the industrial revolution that transitioned from workshop handicraft industry to machine industry began with the British textile industry. Subsequently, the advanced technology of the industrial revolution was widely absorbed and adopted by the United States, France, Germany, Russia and other European and American powers, which greatly increased labor productivity, promoted the development of commerce and transportation, accelerated the process of urbanization, and greatly changed The life of mankind.